Conditional Cash Transfer (CCT)
Nakapagpa-graduate na sa High School ng 300,000 na bata ang 4Ps. Ang HS diploma ay mabisang susi sa kaunlaran. Naniniwala akong ang 4Ps ay investment sa tao mismo, at hindi dapat ituring na gastos lamang ng gobyerno.
Since 2010, the Philippines expanded its Conditional Cash Transfer (CCT) program called Pantawid Pamilya Pilipino Program (4Ps), and currently counts over 4.4 million families as its beneficiaries1. The program aims to encourage beneficial behaviors for these families by making cash grants subject to compliance, such as availing of pre- and post-natal care, bringing children to clinics for preventive-health checkups, vaccinations, school enrollment and attendance, etc.2
Leni Robredo has been pushing for an institutionalization of the CCT program through authoring House Bill 6349.
Dahil sa CCT, 504,408 na indibidwal ang naiahon mula sa kahirapan. Pero walang tigil ang trabaho: ang mga indibidwal na ito ay mula sa 4.4 milyong pamilya na kabilang sa CCT sa ilalim ng kasalukuyang administrasyon. Marami na ito kumpara 300,000 na pamilya noong 2008, ngunit ang 4.4 na pamilya ay tinatayang 26% porsyento pa lang ito ng mga mahihirap na pamilya sa bansa.
As such, the Pantawid Pamilya is an investment in human capital through the provision cash grants to poor households with children aged up to 18 years old, subject to their compliance to health and education conditionalities set by the program, and is thus effective in keeping kids healthy and in school.
Bottoms-Up Budgeting (BUB)
Matagal na naming ginagawa ang budget consultation sa mga barangay sa Naga. Nagtutugma ang solusyon sa problema.
Cong. Leni is also pushing to bring Bottoms-Up Budgeting throughout the country through co-authoring House Bill 4113. This would allow accredited and independent Civil Society Organizations to participate in the planning and budgeting for local programs. This allows civil society members to flag the most critical needs that must be addressed by local government programs.
In 2013, Php 8 billion was available for BUB projects, and was scaled up to Php 20.9 billion by 2015. 39,704 poverty-reduction projects in 1,490 municipalities were implemented. There is a huge potential for positive outcomes if the BUB system had can be scaled nationally and be further augmented with resources.
Ang malaking hamon ay ang pagpapabilis sa pagtapos ng mga proyektong ito para maramdaman ng mamamayan ang kanilang epekto.
Dati naiiwan ang desisyon sa may may kapangyarihan, ngayon may puwang ang reps ng civil society; projects are more responsive – examples from Naga
Here are some of the most important details of how BUB would work under House Bill 4113:
- Citizens can point out the national projects needed in their respective localities through their CSOs
- The National Budget will be able to directly address concerns in the respective regions
- The bill states that LPRAT3 will be composed of an equal number of representatives from government and CSOs
- The current Local Government Code caters only to NGOs where they constitute not less than one-fourth (¼) of the members of the fully organized council
- The proposed law will provide a check and balance mechanism with government entities
- A provision in the proposed measure requires the constitution of CSOs in localities with no organized CSOs
- A monitoring system will be institutionalized in order to keep track of the projects that were approved through the BUB system
- The bill provides for a mechanism for the accreditation of CSOs (and their representatives) that seeks to be a part of the budget process
- Congress, National Government Agencies, and Local Government Units will be required to post on the websites their budget proposals for the coming fiscal year
- Government Agencies will also be required to post their budget presentations to congress one week before their scheduled hearing
- In 2008, only 300,000 families were enrolled in the prior administration’s CCT program; now it is up to 4.4 million ↩
- A Pantawid Pamilya household with 3 children can receive a maximum of Php2,000 a month. Php 500 in health grants per family, Php 300 per child in Elementary and Php 500 per child in High School. Households are also automatically enrolled in PhilHealth. ↩
- The Local Poverty Reduction Action Team, or LPRAT for short, is a group composed of government and civil-society groups representatives, tasked to formulate and implement poverty reduction plans. ↩