Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change Adaptation

Hindi templated ang paghahanda sa sakuna.Dapat nakabase sa vulnerability assessment ang uri ng tulong sa bawat baranggay. At bigyang diin ang proteksyon sa mga kabataan tuwing may sakuna.

Bigyan natin ng higit na atensyon ang paghahanda, hindi lang relief operations. At dapat may puwang ang kabataan na makilhaok sa paghahanda at pagresponde.

In 2014, the Philippines ranked 2nd among countries “most at risk worldwide” and 3rd among countries “most exposed worldwide” by the World Risk Report. The 2015 Global Assessment Report on Disaster Risk Reduction (GAR) of the UNISDR estimates that the multi-hazard average annual loss for the Philippines is US$7.89 billion, which represents 69% of social expenditure in the country.1

The Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction is a great framework to use as a more holistic approach to risk:

  • Understanding disaster risk (all dimensions including vulnerability, exposure, capacity, etc.)
  • Strengthening disaster risk governance to manage disaster risk (emphasis on collaboration and partnerships)
  • Investing in disaster risk reduction for resilience (both structural and non-structural mitigation measures)
  • Enhancing disaster preparedness for effective response and to “Build Back Better” in recovery, rehabilitation and reconstruction


There are existing mechanisms for DRR and CCA, namely RA 10174 (People’s Survival Fund)2 and RA 9729 (Climate Change Act)3, and their implementation must be followed through accordingly.

The empowerment of households and communities is key for disaster risk reduction and management. This is done by involving them in community-based and science-guided processes to identify and understand their exposure to risk and vulnerability. Local leaders must be provided with the skills and equipment to oversee early warning systems, evacuation protocols, and response mechanisms, as the designated first responders. The combination of empowered households and equipped local leaders is what it takes to achieve zero casualty.

There is a Joint Memorandum Circular of DILG and NYC institutionalizing youth participation in disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation efforts of LGUs, where there is Youth representation in Local Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Councils (LDRRMC)and resources from the LDRRM Fund are allocated for training youth organizations on disaster risk reduction and, recovery, and response.

Another sustainable method of avoiding or mitigating the effects of disasters is to guide the development and settlement of high risk areas. One of the guiding principles of House Bill 43824, or the National Land Use and Management Act, is to institutionalize land use planning with disaster risk reduction and climate change in mind. Land should developed and used according to plans that optimize against disaster risk, and in doing so, should permanently minimize the effects of natural disasters.

  1. Furthermore, children from poor families are particularly at risk during disasters; PIDs data estimates 13.4 million income poor children.
  2. RA10174 – Establishes the People’s Survival Fund or PSF
    • Designates it as the lead (instead of sole) policy making body on climate change
    • Creates the Peoples Survival Fund (PSF) as a special fund in the National Treasury for the financing of adaptation programs and projects based on the National Strategic Framework
    • Identifies the GAA as the primary source of the PSF and provides that balance of the PSF shall not revert to the National Treasury
    • Requires the CCC to submit to Congress a semiannual physical/narrative and financial report on the utilization of the PSF.

  3. RA 9729 Climate Change Act of 2009 – creates the Climate Change Commission (CCC) an autonomous and independent body with status as a national government agency.
    • With the President as Chairperson and 3 Commissioners.
    • Ensures mainstreaming of climate change, in synergy with DRR, into the national, sectoral and local development plans and programs.
    • Recommend legislation, policies, strategies programs and appropriations
    • Promote and provide technical and financial support to local research and development programs and projects in vulnerable communities.

  4. Cong. Leni is a co-author of this bill