Maraming kailangang asikasuhin sa mga isyu ng youth – quality education, youth unemployment at underemployment. Sana magamit natin iyong energy nila para sa mga komunidad.
Youth unemployment currently sits at 15.08% – which is more than double the national unemployment rate of 6.5%.1This is compounded by a rapidly expanding labor force, with more than 1 million estimated new entrants in the labor force every year.
Gusto kong tutukan ang pagbibigay ng opportunity sa kabataan dahil napakaramingwalang trabaho o underemployed sa kanila. Sayang ang kanilang galing at maaaring maiambag sa ating bansa.
Sa tulong ng K-12, mas maraming kaalaman ang graduate at angkop ang skills nila sa maraming uri ng hanapbuhay. Pag-ibayuhin pa ang mga programa ng DOLE at TESDA para mapabilis ang paghanap ng trabaho ng mga kabataan.
Education and skills training is key in expanding employment opportunities for the Youth. This allows them to take on more challenging roles, and greater value-adding positions. This compliments the rise of the Philippine Business Process Outsourcing (BPO) industry, one of the bright spots in the Philippine economy. The BPO is a high-value addition to the economy, contributing USD 18.9 billion in 2014, and requires a large number of young, educated, and motivated workforce.2
Another potential source of valuable Youth Employment is in Entrepreneurship. Further investments in Rural projects and Agriculture may also create lucrative jobs in the provinces. There must be a supply of jobs ready to meet newly minted and skilled graduates.
Pag nakagraduate na ng Grade 12 sa K-12, makakapagtrabaho na. Mas maraming kaalaman ang graduate at angkop ang skills nila sa maraming uri ng hanapbuhay.
Siguraduhin natin ang access sa edukasyon mula kinder hanggang tertiary education, lalo na para sa pinakamahihirap nating kababayan. Halimbawa, bagamat 30% ang gross enrolment ratio natin sa kolehiyo, 8% lang nito ang mula sa pinaka-mahihirap nating kababayan.
Investments in education have been made throughout the past few years,3 and this has significantly narrowed the gap between what is needed and what is available.4 Educational access and retention have also improved, with an increase of kindergarten participation rate by 22%5, elementary completion rate increase by 10%6, and a decrease of 1.7 million out-of-school children7.
However, much has still to be done in improving the rate of participation in Secondary (High-School) education. Improvements to accessibility and quality of education for hard-to-reach learners can be done through alternative delivery modes, targeted interventions (i.e. bus and boat systems), and engaging families, and communities to send their children to school and keep them there until they graduate.
K-12 reforms will be a great help, and these reforms must be followed through. There are several benefits that can be derived from fully implementing K-12: improved retention and achievement rates upon graduation; mother-tongue based learning; curriculum decongestion; and integration of technical-vocational livelihood subjects, are among the many benefits.
As for Tertiary Education, it is government’s responsibility ensure it is an option for Filipinos. Currently, over a third of Filipino students eventually go to college8, and college scholarships have increased to 13% of all college students9, targeting the poorest students through Student Grants-in-Aid Program for Poverty Alleviation (SGP-PA) of CHED, DSWD, and DOLE. The recently passed UNIFAST10 is intended to improve the distribution of scholarships and supporting scholars.
Sangguniang Kabataan (SK)
Inaasam natin na lahat ng sektor sa ating lipunan ay may representasyon sa pamahalaan.
Ang kabataan ay ang isa sa pinakamalaking sektor natin sa lipunan. Ang SK reform law ay magpapaigting ng partisipasyon ng kabataan sa pamamahala. Ang kaunlaran ng kabataan ay masisigurado dahil sila ay magiging bahagi ng paggagawa ng mga polisiya sa local na pamahalaan.
Leni Robredo believes in the value of a participative Youth sector in our country. She was a co-author of a version of the SK Reform bill11, which was recently passed and enacted as the R.A. 10742, SK Reform Act, which strengthens and improves the Sangguniang Kabataan.
- It increases the age requirement of SK members from 15 to 18 to 18 to 24 years of age, allowing SK officials to be liable for and to enter into legally-binding contracts.
- Mandates the Sangguniang Barangay to allocate funding for the SK to pursue its own youth development and empowerment programs.
- Treats SK officers as professionals with stiff penalties for dereliction of duty.
- Establishes the SK Capability Building Fund to enable mandatory trainings and seminars on leadership and program development for officials.
- And contains an anti-dynasty provision wherein any SK official either elective or appointive must not have any relative in elective public office within the second degree of consanguinity of affinity.
Protektahan natin ang SK mula sa pagkadakip ng mga pulitiko. Hindi na pwedeng SK ay kamag-anak ng public officials, at hindi rin pwedeng mag-hostage ng pondo ng SK. Leadership training: ipahawak sa angkop na ahensya.
- Youth labor force participation rate is ~46% (Apr-15) while the national average is ~63% (Jul-15). The Youth are not as highly represented in the labor force, and yet are facing the greatest difficulties in finding employment. ↩
- Although this must be tempered with the proper safety nets that must be put into place to mitigate the negative lifestyle effects on those working in the Industry, e.g. unhealthy lifestyle choices, HIV, drug usage, smoking, etc. ↩
- 66,813 classrooms constructed with 31,728 on the way; 1.6 million additional seats provided; 135,817 teacher items created; 73.9 million new textbooks ↩
- For example, in 2010, an estimated 2.5 million seats were needed; now that gap is 1.6 million (although 1.6 million were provided between 2010 to 2015). ↩
- Aggregate data for all families, 2010 vs 2014; access to kindergarten education expanded particularly for the poorest families from 47.2% in 2008 to 92.2% in 2013. ↩
- Data compares School Year 2010-2011 with School Year 2014-2015; Secondary education rates improved by 1.83% in that same period. ↩
- Comparative data between 2008 to 2013. ↩
- College participation is at 34% ↩
- Under the Aquino administration, college scholarships have incrased from 1.37% of college students in 2010 to 13% of college students in 2015 ↩
- Republic Act 10687 – Unified Student Financial Assistance System for Tertiary Education. Part of its declaration of policy in Sec. 2 states “The existing publicly-funded national government programs for Scholarships, Grants-in-Aid, and Student Loans for Tertiary Education are hereby unified and harmonized to improve their efficiency and to ensure that deserving Filipinos are given equitable access to educational opportunities. ↩
- House Bill 109, which was eventually consolidated into House Bill 6043, and was subsequently passed. ↩
- Good Governance
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- Zero Hunger
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